Crops

How to start Sugarcane Farming

Sugarcane Farming

In India Sugarcane is one of the important commercial crops and holds a prominent position as a cash crop, Sugarcane the main sources of sugar & jaggery. India is the world’s second-largest producer in sugar. It is one of the most important food-cum-cash crop grown in the country; sugarcane farming provides employment to a larger number of people & also a significant role in earning foreign exchange.

Botanical Name and Economical Uses of Sugarcane in India

Family: Gramineae

Botanical Name: Saccharum officinarum

Climatic Condition for Sugarcane Farming: – Sugarcane is a tropical plant, and it is a long duration crop; and thus it encounters all the seasons’ viz., rainy, winter and summer during its life cycle. The Sugarcane plant grows best in tropical hot sunny areas.

Top 10 Sugarcane Producing States: 2014-2015

1    Uttar Pradesh    138481

2    Maharashtra    81870

3    Karnataka    41895

4    Tamilnadu    24463

5    Bihar    14131

6    Gujarat    14060

7    Andhra Pradesh+ Telangana    13150

8    Haryana    7650

9    Punjab    7039

10    Uttarakhand    6135

Source :

Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture

Sugarcane Varieties

CoS.687, CoPant.84211, CoJ.64, CoLk.8001, Co.1148, CoS.767, CoS.802, CoC.671, CoC.85061, Co.8021, Co.6304, Co.1148, CoJ.79, CoS.767,  Co.740, CoM.7125, Co.7527, CoC.671, Co.740, Co.8014, Co.7804, Co.740, Co.8338, Co.6806, Co.6304, Co.7527, Co.6907, Co.7805, Co.7219, Co.7805, Co.8011

Suitable Soil for Sugarcane Farming:

Soil testing is important before sugarcane plantation. It helps in understanding the optimum quantity of macro and micronutrient requirements

A well-drained, deep, loamy soil with soil pH is about 6.5, but sugarcane can tolerate a considerable degree of soil acidity and alkalinity. Hence, it is found growing in soils with pH in the range of 5 to 8.5.

Sugarcane Planting Seasons across India:-

Time of Sugarcane Planting

Planting Time Duration Av. Yield
Suru / Eksali / Seasonal 15th Jan – 15th Feb. 12 months 100 tons/ha.
Pre-seasonal Oct – Nov 15 months 125 tons/ha.
Adsali July – Aug 18 months 150 tons/ha.

 

sugarcane plantation methods

Sugarcane Farming

There is vast number method in for sugarcane plantation,  in India, there is four method use for sugarcane plantation.

  1. Ridge and furrow method.
  2. Rayungan method.
  3. Trench or Jawa method
  4. Flatbed method

Fertilizer

Sugarcane is a long duration crop so he required high quantity manner & fertilizer •  The 25 to 50 tons of FYM/ha is applied during the preparation of land.

  • The recommended doses of fertilizers for Pre-seasonal Plantation , Seasonal Plantation and
  • Adsali Plantation forsugarcane crop are given below

Fertilizers:

  1. Fertilizer Dose for Pre-seasonal Plantation (Dose per Hectare)
Time of Application N (kg) P (kg) K (kg) FYM
1) At the time of planting (10 % N, 50 % P & K) 35 85 85 35 tons/ha.
2) 6-8 weeks after (40 % N) 140  
3) 8-12 weeks after (10% N) 35  
4) 20-24 weeks after (40% N, 50% P & K) 140 85 85  
Total 350 170 170 35

 

  1. Fertilizer Dose for Seasonal Plantation (Dose per Hectare)
Time of Application N (kg) P (kg) K (kg) FYM
1) At the time of planting (10% N, 50% P & K) 25 62 62 25 tons/ha
2) 6-8 weeks after (40% N) 100
3) 8-12 weeks after (10% N) 25
4) 20-24 weeks after (40% N, 50 % P & K) 100 63 63
Total 250 125 125 25

 

  1. Fertilizer Dose for Adsali Plantation (Dose per Hectare)
Time of Application N (kg) P (kg) K (kg) FYM
1) At the time of planting (10% N, 50 % P & K) 45 85 85 50 tons/ha.
2) 6-8 weeks after   (40% N) 180
3) 8-12 weeks after (10% N) 45
4) 20-24 weeks after (40% N, 50% 180 85 85
Total 450 170 170 50

 

 

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amar sawant

amar sawant

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  • Dear Mr. Amar ,

    Kindly provide your contact details .
    I would like to connect back with you as I want to come back to India and start Polyfarming or Greenhouse farming