Growing Hydroponic Fodder Step by Step Guide (7 days)

This Guide will teach you everything you need to know about Hydroponic Fodder.

Let’s get started…

Green fodder is essential to feed livestock, but the reduced availability of land and lack of water. It is become difficult to produce the required quantity of green fodder throughout the year. Also, the lack of quality fodder hampers the growth production, and Reproduction of livestock.

This article will learn how to Grow Hydroponic Fodder in easy steps; it will help you solve the green fodder problem.

Hydroponic fodder is produced by growing seeds without soil, and with very little water; within six-seven days, the seeds are sprouted, the seedlings will be up to 30-35 cm tall and provide highly nutritious fodder.

Advantages of hydroponic fodder

Hydroponic green fodder

1) Nutrient Value

Hydroponics fodder has more nutrients than traditional fodder dry food or grain. It contains high carbohydrates, minerals, and vitamins.

2) Time to grow

Compared to traditional fodder, which often needs up to two months to grow, you can grow hydroponic fodder in just one week

3) less water requirement

Compared to conventional fodder production, it required less water for hydroponic fodder production. Only 3 to 4 liters of water is necessary to grow one kilogram of hydroponic fodder; on the other, for traditional fodder, approximately 70- 100liter water is required.

4) Easy daily production

Hydroponic fodder can be produced regularly throughout the year, even when low water problems.

5) Chemicals or pesticides

It does not require any chemicals or pesticides  to grow

6)  Less workforce and Transport cost

it needed less workforce and transport cost. most of the farmers grow hydroponic green fooder near the livestock shade

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Construction of Hydroponic fodder system

To grow good quality fodder, you need to be able to control the temperature and humidity. The fodder easily grows in semi-controlled environmental conditions with a temperature range of 15-32 °C and relative humidity of 80-85%.

Also, control light is needed to grow fodder, so you need to build a small shed net or a low-cost greenhouse.

To make a shed net or a low-cost greenhouse, you can use a bamboo log, iron rod, or plastic pipe for structure construction purposes also, and you required shade netting or gunny bags to cover this structure.


Hydroponic fodder system
  • According to your fooder quantity demand, you can build a Hydroponic fodder system. to build this system is required a little space, mostly farmers use a 10 ft  x10 ft shade net to grow Hydroponic fodder, and it is better to choose a shed net location near the livestock shade because it becomes easy to operate.
  • To allow ventilation to leave some open space between the roof and side walls when the shed is well ventilated and airy, you can easily maintain the temperature and humidity.
  • To grow hydroponic fodder, you required a medium-size tray of about 1.5 x 3 Ft. They must be made up of good plastic and strong enough to hold the fodder’s weight.
  •  The seeds must be kept moist so avoid metal trays because they easily rust, so use only plastic trays.
  • Make 15-20 small size holes in trays for draining any excess water.
  • Inside the shed, you can build a bamboo rack, plastic rack, or metal rack to hold these trays.
  • Make three to four layers rack but take care rack should not be too high because it becomes difficult to spray water and removes the trays.
  • Keep enough space between two layers to easily water the seeds; also, create a slight slope for each layer to one side of the rack; this helps easily and quickly water to drain from the trays.
  • Make a small drainage line under the slope side of a rack to properly drain out water.

The hydroponic fodder production process

use only good qualities of seed for hydroponic fodder production; never use broken or unhealthy seeds as these will not germinate and grow properly.

You can use maize, pulses, wheat, and horse gram seeds to make hydroponic fodder but do not use pearl millet and sorghum seeds because these sprouted leaves contain poison that can harm your livestock.

Mostly farmer uses Maize seeds to produce hydroponic fodder. In cold climatic conditions, wheat and oats seeds are good, while in hot climatic conditions, maize seeds are suitable for hydroponic fodder production.


Hydroponic fodder seed
  • Add 5-7 liters of warm water in a plastic bucket and seed and remove seeds are float on the water because they will not sprout also remove other impurities.
  • After that, add 50 -100 gm salt in water; it helps minimize fungus production on the sprouted seed.
  • Allow this seed to soak water for around 12 hours.
  • After 12 hours, drain the water and then wash the seeds with clean water.
  • Transfer this washed seed to a gunny bag and allow them to sprout. In a cold climate, they will take more than 24 hours to germinate, while in a hot climate, the seed will take about 24 hours.
  • Before using the tray, wash them properly and check all holes if they are blocked or not. If there is a blockage, remove the blockage.
  • Transfer sprouted seeds from the gunny bags to trays and evenly spread them, and place them on the rack.
  • Every day gives light water ( sprinkle) to sprouted seeds. To provide water, you can use watering cans or a sprinkler system.
  • In hot weather conditions, give water after every two hours, and in cold weather conditions, after 4 hours, it helps maintain moisture.

Always maintain cleanness in the shed; it helps to reduce fungus, mold development chances.

Please do not disturb the trays’ sprouted seeds until they are harvesting, which influences the fodder’s growth.

Within seven days from one tray containing one kilogram of maize seed, you can produce about eight kilograms of fodder.

When preparing hydroponic fodder to make the rack according to your fooder need, if you required every day five trays of fodder so for seven days, a prepared shade accommodates 35 trays.

Feeding of Hydroponic Green Fodder

hydroponic system design

In six to seven days, the fooder is ready to harvest, take out fodder slabs from the tray, and cut them into small pieces before feeding it to the livestock, so it is easier for the animals to eat the fodder properly.

Avoid keeping the fodder for more than nine days in the trays because, after nine days, the nutrient value of fodder starts to decrease slowly, and fiber starts to develop.

Give this fooder to livestock along with other food and dry fodder from the total quantity of fodder.

Give this fodder to the livestock with other food and other dry fodder. Farmer gives the combination of half a hydroponic fodder and half fodder or dry fodder.

Hydroponic fodder is very soft and nutritious, and tasty, and the resulting animals enjoy it.


For sustainable dairy farming, quality green fodder should be fed regularly to dairy animals. Hydroponic fodder is a good option in front of the farmer because it grows fast, it contains a high nutrient value, and the most important thing is animals like to eat.

Amar Sawant is a Hi-tech farmer, professional Greenhouse consultant, and trainer. He works for more than nine years as an agri-entrepreneur.

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66 thoughts on “Growing Hydroponic Fodder Step by Step Guide (7 days)”

  1. Sir, some people on youtube are saying that, we can’t maintain temperature by using green net and use polycarbonate sheet or glass to make hydroponic house, is it wrong to use green net?

    • Hello Laxmikant,

      polycarbonate sheet or glass very effective for control temperature but the cost of polycarbonate sheet or glass is high so the green net is a cost-effective solution for Hydroponic fodder.

  2. Hi sir

    Above steps doesn’t mention adding nutrients to the seeds or water

    Does it mean that maize doesn’t require any nutritional but just water

    Regarding how to get maize seeds
    Could I used corn ? seeds or does it has to be special seeds
    Also could you please advise which is one has better nutrition maize or barley seeds

  3. Thanks for the information sir,
    Please I want to know the process of using sorghum, Millet, barley and maize for hydroponics, are the process the same ways and days.
    Thanks once more sir, best regards

  4. This your write-up gives me much hope as I am an aspiring livestock producer; very interesting, sir. Thanks for the effort.

  5. How can I turn hydroponic fodder into a money making business,i am in Nigeria, and can cows feed on this fodder everyday

  6. Thank you very much Mr. Amar for the very elaborative explanation. This ha s given me an insight on the hydroponic feed project.
    Be blessed for sharing.

  7. Thank you for sharing. Great piece of information

    Kindly can I feed my chickens and goats daily with hydroponics.
    Thank you

  8. dear Mr. Amar
    Thank you for good guide.
    Is this need to light in 24 hours? Totally light must be on in 24 hours or not?

  9. Many thanks for your knowledge and willing to share. Following your literature, we started growing fodder for cows approx 100 kg per day in a RCC shed using GI trays. we notice seed becoming black after 4th or 5 th day and leaves becoming pale yellow in color. What could be the reason. Can we also have a consultation with you.


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