Nowadays, many farmers are shifting farming to other professions due to insufficient financial protection. Climatic change is a significant challenge for the farmer. More than 95% of farmer uses the traditional farming technique in India. To earn more profit from agriculture, we must adopt modern techniques such as Greenhouse farming ( polyhouse farming), hydroponic farming, and aquaponic farming.
In India, we import many fruits, vegetables, and flowers from other countries and pay them very good money. Suppose we grow this flower vegetable & fruit in our country with the help of modern techniques. In that case, we can earn an outstanding amount of money, so I say this modern technique, like greenhouse farming, will improve the living standard of our Indian farmers.
Introduction of Greenhouse:
Before starting Greenhouse farming, let’s clarify some concepts…
What is Greenhouse?
A Greenhouse is a framed structure covered with a transparent material that is large enough to grow crops under partial or fully controlled environmental conditions for optimum growth and productivity.
Greenhouse Technology is the technique of providing favorable environmental conditions to the plants.
The greenhouse industry is the fastest-growing sector of all agricultural production activities. The greenhouse is goldmines that offer the most profitable business opportunities.
The use of the greenhouse is mainly for producing seasonal and non-seasonal crops, the production of high-quality flowers, vegetables, and the preparation of a nursery prepared by tissue culture.
Greenhouses offer many advantages.
Advantages of Greenhouse:
- The yield maybe 10-12 times higher than outdoor cultivation depending on the type of greenhouse, type of crop, and environmental control facilities.
- Reliability of crop increases under greenhouse cultivation.
- Ideally suited for vegetables and flower crops.
- Year-round production of floricultural crops.
- Off-season production of vegetable and fruit crops.
- Disease-free and genetically superior transplants can be produced continuously.
- Efficient utilization of chemicals and pesticides to control pests and diseases.
- Water requirement of crops very limited and easy to control
How to start Greenhouse farming?
Greenhouse farming requires a heavy expenditure on infrastructure, equipment, labor, and raw material. To become successful, a greenhouse farmer needs to have knowledge in three areas – technical, economic, and marketing – to be successful. They need to complete a training program before they start their own business.
If you want to start greenhouse farming, We provide complete training and consultancy program.
To start greenhouse farming, follow this step.
1) Overview Of Greenhouse
What is the difference between greenhouse and Polyhouse?
There is no such difference between polyhouse and greenhouse. The greenhouse is a broad term; Polyhouse is among the kinds of Greenhouse in which polyfilm (polyethylene) is used as the main material for construction so it is called polyhouse,
If greenhouse made with glass material then it is call glass greenhouse
The durability of the polyhouse is more compared to other types of Greenhouse.
Let’s understand which are the different types of greenhouse –
I ) Types of Greenhouse:
Different types of greenhouses are available based on shape, construction, material, and ventilation. Each greenhouse type has its own advantage. Different types of greenhouses are designed according to match specific needs.
Generally, in India, sawtooth Natural ventilated greenhouse is used for cut flower and vegetable production purposes.
A) Greenhouse type based on Shape
- Sawtooth-type Greenhouse
- Ridge and furrow type greenhouse
- Uneven span type greenhouse
- Even span type of greenhouse.
- Sawtooth type.
- Quonset greenhouse.
- Interlocking ridges greenhouse.
- Ground-to-ground greenhouse
B) Greenhouse type based on construction
- Wooden framed structures – It is a low-cost greenhouse for Vegetable Production.
- Pipe-framed structures
C) Greenhouse type based on covering materials
- Glass greenhouse – Glass greenhouse most suitable for cold weather country like United states, Canada
- Plastic greenhouse – plastic greenhouse also called polyhouse which is mostly used in India
D) Greenhouse type based on ventilation
1. Natural Vent Greenhouse –
This type of greenhouse is based on natural ventilation, and depending on the crop’s requirement, the temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide gas can be maintained as per the requirement.
In this Greenhouse, upper and side shade nets prevent insect and bacterial access to control inside temperature.
2. Climate control Greenhouse (Fan & Pad Polyhouses) –
In such a greenhouse, temperature and humidity are controlled by using micro-irrigation techniques. In this type of greenhouse, the internal environment is fully managed.
This type of greenhouse is mostly used for Hi-tech nurseries and hi-tech hydroponic project
II) Point to consider before Selecting a Greenhouse site
Before starting greenhouse farming, you have to consider the following point to become successful in greenhouse farming.
- Soil PH Should be between 5.5 to 6.5 and EC (Volatility) 0.3 to 0.5 mm/cm.
- Good water quality is continuously available.
- The irrigation water samples should be range from PH 5.5 to 7.0 and E.C. 0.1 to 0.3
- The selected place should be pollution-free.
- There should be roads for the transportation and shipping goods in the market.
- The place should be large enough for the upcoming expansion.
- Workers should be available easily.
- There should be excellent communication facilities in place.
- The drainage of the soil should be excellent.
III) Which Crop is Suitable for Greenhouse Farming
Greenhouse farming requires high investment; hence though the crop has high commercial value & sustainable market demand, this crop is cultivated in the Greenhouse.
Floriculture crop, like all cut flower & vegetable, is mainly grown in the greenhouse.
What are the most profitable crops to grow in a greenhouse?
The profitability of greenhouse crops depends on the market, climatic conditions, labor, and raw material availability.
List of Most Popular Floriculture and vegetable growing crops in a Greenhouse.
|Floriculture||Vegetable & Fruit|
2) Apply For Bank Loan
The initial investment in greenhouse farming is enormous. To start, Greenhouse farming costs come to approximately 40 Lac- 60 Lac ( polyhouse farming cost per acre )
Many banks are interested in providing Horticulture loans to farmers.
To get a loan for the greenhouse, you have to Create a Greenhouse farming project report and present it to the bank. Also, this project report helps apply subsidies for the greenhouse.
Steps for creating a project report
- Introduction about Greenhouse farmer
- The need for a Greenhouse project
- Technical analysis
- Economical analysis
Download the Greenhouse Farming project report pdf
List of documents required in the bank
- Detailed Project Report
- 8 “A” land Report
- 7/12 of land Report
- Estimate of polyhouse
- Blueprint of polyhouse
- Estimate of plants
- Estimate of Irrigation
- Soil and water analysis report
- Buyer’s letter
Banks provide Loans with 12% – 14% interest for the 5-7 year period, and mainly, many banks offer EMI (equated monthly installment) options quarterly or every six months.
For subsidy, the purpose takes loans from national and district banks.
List Of the Banks Providing Horticulture Loan
3) Apply for Greenhouse Subsidy
Our Indian government promotes greenhouse farming; they offer a subsidy for greenhouse farming through the horticulture department.
The government gives a subsidy of 50%-60% to the project cost of the greenhouse. The subsidy percentage varies from state to state.
Before applying for the subsidy following document required
- Detailed Project Report
- Certified Copy of record of rights over the piece of project land ( 7/12 of land)
- loan sanctioned letter issued by the bank with complete terms & conditions
For NHB, you can apply online here, click
National Horticulture Board subsidy norm
National Horticulture Mission subsidy norm
4) Place an order from the Greenhouse construction company.
After the government approves a Letter of Intent (LOI) for subsidy & approval of a bank loan Next step is to Start greenhouse construction. There are many greenhouse construction companies available in the market. Contact them and check past company projects ( work quality) & negotiated for greenhouse construction rate.
Construction Rate for Polyhouse
Greenhouse construction cost (Polyhouse) starts around Rs.700 to Rs.1000 per square meter. The cost depends on the quality of the material, size, shape, transport, and structure.
5) Plant Booking/ Ordering
To produce a good quality flower and vegetable, planting material quality must be superior and free from any disease.
In India, very few nurseries provide planting material for greenhouses, so place a booking order before setup a plastic cover on the greenhouse to avoid delay in the plantation.
before plant booking following points should be considered
- Which variety has high market demand
- Variety yield performance report
- Which variety is suitable for your climate
- Disease and pest report
You can collect this information from a nursery representative or another greenhouse owner; also, remember plant nursery companies not only sell plants; they entirely give plant cultivation guidance, so don’t hesitate any plant-related queries.
List Of Hi-tech Nursery Company
- KF Bio plants
- Florance Flora
- Rise & Shine
6) Cultural practices
Every growing plant has a different cultivation and management procedure. Plant nursery company provides detailed guidelines for fertilization schedule and pest & disease control management procedures.
The Key to becoming a successful greenhouse farmer is “Evey day close monitoring crop” it helps understand any pest or disease attack on the crop early. Also, it helps to understand nutrient deficiency in the plant.
Some essential tools and chemicals must be required for every greenhouse farmer.
- EC-PH Meter – This meter is helpful for soil and water analysis. It is important to decide on a fertilizer dose combination. Buy – EC-PH Meter
- Hygrometer -Thermometer – This device show humidity and temperature inside the greenhouse. Buy – Hygrometer -Thermometer
- Weighing Scale – This device helps measure the required quantity of fertilizer per dose.
Buy – Weighing Scale
- Soil sterilization – Hydrogen Peroxide with Silver is mainly used for soil sterilization. Kumaran Enterprise is the leading manufacturer of hydrogen peroxide with silver.
The export-quality product is grown in the greenhouse according to market specifications. It is then packaged and sold by the polyhouse grower itself or with the help of an agent or broker.
The major markets are metro cities like Hyderabad, Mumbai, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Pune, and Bangalore for cut flowers and vegetables crop.
Most polyhouse growers market their products with the help of a broker/agent. For cut flower agents, work on a 10% commission.
List Of Major Flower Agent/ Broker
- Baba Flower
Guddi Malkapur, Mendipetnum Indra Reddy Flower Market, Hyderabad
- Nizam Flower
New Osmanguni, Hyderabad
- Navrang Flower
New Osmanguni, Hyderabad
- Thakur Flowers
Shop No.15/16, Vijay Nagar Building, Tulsi Pipe Road, Dadar West, Mumbai
- Nikhil Bhoite
Old Flower Market, Bhuleshwar, Mumbai- 400002(Mah.) INDIA.
- Vivek Flora
Shop No. 1, Upendra Nagar, Old Phool Market, S.B Marg.,
Dadar (W), Mumbai – 400 028
- Rosary World
House No.437/3a, Divison No.3 Benjamin Road, Near CMC Hospital.
Ludhiana Punjab 141008
- Varlak Agro-Tech
Sy. No. 13, Village Navarathna Agrahara, Sadahalli Post, Devanhalli Road
Bangalore Karnataka 562110