Crops

Strawberry Cultivation Step by step guide

Strawberry cultivation

Strawberry Cultivation

Strawberry plant required a medium range of temperature. In the Greenhouse, strawberry cultivation is better because quality and quantity of strawberry fruit are much better than outside strawberry cultivation.

In India, strawberry cultivated in areas like Mahabaleshwar, Ooty,  Idukki, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and the northeast state of India.

Mostly Strawberry crop is cultivated in open field; Nowadays Strawberry has cultivated in the Greenhouse also because the price of Strawberry is high in the off-season. In the Greenhouse, Strawberry  Plants grow through the years.

Strawberry fruit is a rich source of vitamin ‘C, Iron, Potassium, and fiber.

Strawberry Cultivation

Soil Requirement For Strawberry Cultivation

Strawberry plant performs best on the dry sandy soil. Heavy waterlogging soils are not suitable for strawberry cultivation.

Soil with pH between 5.5 – 7 and EC below 0.7mS/cm is ideal for strawberry cultivation

Bed  Preparation

Two-row system on one raised bed is useful for strawberry cultivation.

  • Bed width: 60 cm
  • Pathway: 50 cm
  • Height: 45 cm

Basal Dose and F.Y.M

Basal dose & F.Y.M is add at the time of bed preparation this basal dose & F.Y.M improve soil structure & provide nutrients gradually.

  • F.Y.M. – Ten tonnes/acre
  • 18:46:00 (Di-Ammonium Phosphate – D.A.P.) 50 kg/acre

Mulching

 

mulching

Mostly Mulching is used in Strawberry cultivation and before plantation mostly black and silver mulching paper is select.

The main use of plastic mulching is to maintain soil temperature, in addition to protecting the roots from cold injury.

Other advantages of mulching are it helps to reduced fruit decay, clean fruits, soil moisture conservation, saving irrigation water, preventing weed growth and lowering soil temperature during hot weather and protecting flower from frost.

Irrigation

Drip irrigation is the used in strawberry cultivation. In the drip system, 1- 2 lateral lines of 16 mm, with dripper at every 30 cm and having the discharge of 2 or 4 liter/hour

Maintaining optimum soil moisture level is necessary as Strawberry is a relatively shallow-rooted plant and highly susceptible to drought.

Planting

Strawberry cultivation season In India

strawberry-plant

Maharashtra August to November
North East November to January
North India September to January
South India January and July

 

Plant Spacing

Two rows planted on one bed the distance between 30 cm x 30 cm.

Total plant population in per acre is 24,000 plants.

Planting

Well, root developed plant is Select for planting. The selected plant will be planted on the bed, while in planting take care the crown part of the plant.

This crown part should not contact the soil, from 1/3 of the plants.

After that irrigation of the bed using sprinkler & Maintained moisture on the bed.

Plant  Lifecycle

Strawberry plant total life 8 – 9 months. After planting, if the conditions are appropriate for the desired growth of the plant, the plant will start flowering approximately 35 – 40 after planting.

Fertigation for Strawberry Cultivation ( 500 square/meter)

20-50 days after plantation

12:61:00 500g Monday, Wednesday & Friday
13:00:45 500g Tuesday, Thursday & Saturday

50-60 days after plantation

19:19:19 500g Monday, Wednesday & Friday
Calcium nitrate 250g Tuesday, Thursday & Saturday

60-100 days after plantation.

16:08:24 500g Monday, Wednesday & Friday
00:00:50 250g Tuesday, Thursday & Saturday
Micronutrient 12g Once in a week

 

Strawberry  Harvesting

strawberry cultivation

 

 

When Strawberry fruit got 50% -75%  natural crimson colour starts harvesting.For Harvesting Strawberry best time is in the morning. Strawberry harvested 3-4 times in the week.  Strawberry fruit harvested in small trays or baskets.

Strawberry packaging

The average yield obtained if the plant management and climatic conditions are conducive is approximately 500 – 600 gm/ plant/season.

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